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Categorized by genus/species, placed chronologically by common name

    American Coot

    American Crow

    American Flamingo*

    American Goldfinch

    American Kestrel

    American Oystercatcher*

    American Robin

    American Tree Sparrow

    American White Pelican

    Bald Eagle

    Baltimore Oriole

    Barn Swallow

    Barnacle Goose*

    Belted Kingfisher

    Black-and-White Warbler

    Black-Bellied Whistling-Duck*

    Black-Capped Chickadee

    Black-Headed Gull*

    Black Vulture*

    Blue Jay

    Blue Tit*

    Blue-Winged Teal



    Broad-Winged Hawk

    Brown Creeper

    Brown-Headed Cowbird

    Brown Pelican*

    Brown Thrasher


    Canada Goose


    Cape May Warbler*

    Carolina Chickadee*

    Carolina Wren

    Cedar Waxwing

    Chipping Sparrow

    Common Gallinule

    Common Goldeneye

    Common Grackle

    Common Gull*

    Common Merganser

    Common Moorhen*

    Common Pochard*

    Common Redpoll

    Cooper's Hawk

    Dark-Eyed Junco


    Double-Crested Cormorant

    Downy Woodpecker

    Eastern Bluebird

    Eastern Goldfinch - See American Goldfinch

    Eastern Kingbird

    Eastern Meadowlark

    Eastern Phoebe

    Eastern Towhee

    Eastern Wood Pewee

    Eurasian Blackbird*

    Eurasian Collared Dove

    Eurasian Coot*

    Eurasian Jackdaw*

    Eurasian Magpie*

    Eurasian Tree Sparrow*

    European Serin*

    European Shag*

    European Starling

    Fox Sparrow

    Golden-Crowned Kinglet

    Golden-Fronted Woodpecker*

    Gray Catbird

    Graylag Goose

    Great Black-backed Gull*

    Great Blue Heron

    Great Cormorant*

    Great Egret

    Great Grey Shrike

    Great Spotted Woodpecker*

    Great Tit*

    Greater Flamingo*

    Greater White-Fronted Goose*

    Green Heron

    Hairy Woodpecker

    Harlequin Duck

    Hermit Thrush

    Herring Gull

    Hooded Crow*

    Horned Lark

    House Finch

    House Sparrow

    House Wren

    Indigo Bunting


    Laughing Gull*

    Lesser Black-backed Gull*

    Lesser Scaup

    Lincoln's Sparrow

    Magnolia Warbler

    Mallard (Domestic)

    Mallard (Wild)

    Mourning Dove

    Mute Swan*

    Neotropic Cormorant*

    Northern Cardinal

    Northern Flicker

    Northern Rough-Winged Swallow

    Northern Shoveler

    Northern Shrike - See Great Grey Shrike

    Orange-Crowned Warbler

    Painted Bunting*

    Palm Warbler

    Red-Bellied Woodpecker

    Red-Breasted Nuthatch

    Red-Headed Woodpecker

    Red-Legged Thrush*

    Red-Tailed Hawk

    Red-Winged Blackbird

    Ring-Billed Gull

    Ring-Necked Duck

    Rock Pigeon


    Ross's Goose*

    Royal Tern*

    Ruby-Crowned Kinglet

    Ruddy Turnstone*

    Sandwich Tern*

    Scarlet Tanager

    Smooth-Billed Ani*

    Solitary Sandpiper

    Song Sparrow

    Spotted Sandpiper

    Swamp Sparrow

    Syrian Woodpecker*

    Tricolored Heron*

    Tufted Duck*

    Tufted Titmouse

    Tundra Swan*

    Turkey Vulture

    White-Breasted Nuthatch

    White-Cheeked Pintail*

    White-Crowned Pigeon*

    White-Crowned Sparrow

    White-Eyed Vireo

    White-Throated Sparrow

    White-Winged Dove

    Wild Turkey

    Wilson's Warbler

    Yellow-Bellied Sapsucker

    Yellow-Legged Gull

    Yellow-Rumped Warbler


    American Beaver

    Common Raccoon

    Eastern Chipmunk

    Eastern Cottontail

    Eastern Fox Squirrel

    Eastern Gray Squirrel

    Groundhog - See Woodchuck

    Ground Squirrel - See Eastern Chipmunk

    Red Fox

    Striped Skunk

    Virginia Opossum

    White-Tailed Deer


Nature Blog Network
Tuesday, November 28, 2006

This post was inspired by the smoking ban in my home state of Iowa. What ever happened to personal choice, freedom and the market?

Smoking opponents hope this month’s elections increase the prospect of higher cigarette taxes and more smoke-free restaurants and bars in Iowa.

Anti-tobacco activists have been frustrated for years in the Iowa Legislature, where Republican leaders kept their bills stuck in committee.

Now, Democrats will control both houses of the Legislature. “Politics is a team sport, and when your team has more players than the other team, your team gets to call the plays,” said state Sen. Herman Quirmbach, an Ames Democrat. Quirmbach, who opposes smoking, advised anti-tobacco activists on strategy during a recent meeting of the state Tobacco Use and Prevention Commission.

If there is such a big demand for non-smoking restaurants/facilities – a demand so large that the politicians need to tap into it – then someone in the private sector will offer it. If I can make money by opening up a bar for all those people who just hate cigarette smoke, but want to drink, I’ll do it. Politicians are notoriously late in getting on board with public opinion. If the politicians are sniffing this out now, the idea’s been around for awhile. The private sector has had time to play with it, and if the demand existed, you’d see the private sector bear it out – and everyone (not just the non-smokers) would be accommodated. As it stands with a smoking ban, one group (the non-smokers / majority) gets to simply impose its will on the other group (smokers / minority) rather than permit a percentage of establishments to cater to the correlating percentage of each group, thus maximizing freedom of choice without anyone being harmed. And, we even have case study in Iowa:


The smoking ban provides an excellent illustration of the difference between how the free market solves problems, and how the government solves problems.

The types of restaurants in a city are allocated by the free market. If you look at Ames, for example, there are lots of pizza places, lots of Mexican places, lots of hamburger places, fewer Greek places (but some), and fewer seafood places (but some). That is, because lots of people like pizza, Mexican food, and hamburgers, the market supplies a lot of them, and because fewer people like Greek and seafood places, there are fewer of them, but even people whose tastes are in the minority have some place to go.

Similarly, before the smoking ban, the market allocated the smoking rules at the restaurants in Iowa. For example, in Ames, according to the Ames Tribune, 65% of the restaurants did not allow smoking prior to the ban, and 35% did allow smoking. Because most people did not want to eat in a restaurant that allows smoking, most restaurants did not permit it, but for those people who wanted to go to a restaurant and smoke, they had a place to go too, so everybody (even people whose tastes were in the minority) had some place they could go.

But now the government decided to get involved. Because the majority does not like smoking, the legislature passed a law imposing the majority preference on everybody: namely, no building open to the public is allowed to have smoking. People with minority preferences (i.e., people who want to go somewhere where they can smoke while they eat or drink or work) now get nothing.

The government can orchestrate a “majority rule”-type tyranny without a ban, too. How about taxation of “vices” until they cannot be afforded?

[Rich] Bartlett, [owner of Southside Tobacco and Liquor in Des Moines] hopes the state avoids aggressive proposals, such as one to add a dollar to the current 36 cent tax. That proposal would nearly quadruple the tax, which he said would be an injustice. “We used to shoot redcoats over a lot less than that,” he joked.

Bartlett said such a measure would cost him several thousand dollars in taxes he would have to pay on the big stacks of Marlboros, Camels and other cigarettes he keeps in stock. He doubts a tax increase would cut smoking much, but he said it might encourage more people to break the law by driving to Missouri, where the tax is 17 cents per pack, and returning with trunks of cigarettes.

Sounds good to me.

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Categorized by family, placed chronologically by common name

    Ants (Formicidae)

    Assassin Bugs (Reduviidae)

    Bee Flies (Bombyliidae)

    Blow Flies (Calliphoridae)

    Brown Lacewings (Hemerobiidae)

    Brushfooted Butterflies (Nymphalidae)

    Bumble Bees, etc. (Apidae)

    Carrion Beetles (Silphidae)

    Cellar Spiders (Pholcidae)

    Centipedes, House (Scutigeridae)

    Cicadas (Cicadidae)

    Common Sawflies (Tenthredinidae)

    Crane Flies (Tipulidae)

    Emeralds (Corduliidae)

    Ermine Moths (Yponomeutidae)

    Fireflies (Lampyridae)

    Flower Flies - See Syrphid Flies

    Funnel-Web Spiders (Agelenidae)

    Ground Beetles (Carabidae)

    Honey Bees - See Bumble Bees, etc.

    Hornets - See Yellowjackets, etc.

    Hover Flies - See Syrphid Flies

    Ichneumon Wasps (Ichneumonidae)

    Jumping Spiders (Salticidae)

    Katydids (Tettigoniidae)

    Ladybird Beetles (Coccinellidae)

    Leaf Beetles (Chrysomelidae)

    Leaffooted Bugs (Coreidae)

    Leafhoppers (Cicadellidae)

    Lightning Bugs - See Fireflies

    Longhorned Beetles (Cerambycidae)

    Mantid Flies (Mantispidae)

    Mantids (Mantidae)

    Minettia Flies (Minettia)

    Narrow-Winged Damselflies (Coenagrionidae)

    New York Weevils (Ithyceridae)

    Orb-Weavers (Araneidae)

    Paper Wasps - See Yellowjackets, etc.

    Picture-Winged Flies (Ulidiidae)

    Plant Bugs (Miridae)

    Robber Flies (Asilidae)

    Scarab Beetles (Scarabaeidae)

    Scentless Plant Bugs (Rhopalidae)

    Short-horned Grasshoppers (Acrididae)

    Signal Flies (Platystomatidae)

    Soft-Winged Flower Beetles (Melyridae)

    Soldier Beetles (Cantharidae)

    Soldier Flies (Stratiomyidae)

    Sphinx Moths (Sphingidae)

    Spittlebugs (Cercopidae)

    Stink Bugs (Pentatomidae)

    Swallowtails (Papilionidae)

    Sweat Bees (Halictidae)

    Syrphid Flies (Syrphidae)

    Tiger Moths (Arctiidae)

    Tiphiid Wasps (Tiphiidae)

    Yellowjackets, etc. (Vespidae)


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      Day Lily

      Field Marigold


      Mountain Blue

      Palm Tree*

      Purple Coneflower



      Spider Lily - See Spiderwort



      Sweet Alyssum


      Whorled Tickseed

      Wild Pansy



      American Toad

      Common Garter Snake

      Eastern Box Turtle*

      Green Frog

      Long-Tailed Salamander*

      Northern Fence Lizard*

      Painted Turtle


      Giant Sea Star*

      Nassau Grouper*

      Puffer Fish*

      Scrawled Filefish*

      Sergeant Major*

      Spanish Hogfish*

      Spotted Grouper*

      Stoplight Parrotfish*

      Yellowhead Wrasse*

      Yellowtail Snapper*





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